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A two-year-old has been deemed by doctors “functionally cured” of HIV.
In July 2010, a baby girl was born to a mother who is HIV positive. She was given three antiretrovial drugs within 30 hours of her birth, and now, two years later, there is no evidence of HIV in her body.
The Mississippi girl is the first person to be “functionally cured” of the virus, and they credit early intervention with the antiretrovial drugs for the outcome.
A “functional cure” is when the presence of a virus is so small, that lifelong treatment isn’t necessary.
The findings were announced at the 2013 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Atlanta.
This is only the second known case involving a person cured of HIV. In 2007, Timothy Brown, also known as the Berlin patient, became cured after undergoing a bone marrow transplant for his leukemia. This outcome was a rare case however, as the bone marrow he received happened to have a genetic mutation that makes the stem cells in it naturally resistant to the virus.